Its total length from source to sea is km. It also has the largest catchment area in Scandinavia of km2 in Sweden and Norway. The Göta Älv runs through a 93 km long valley with a surrounding catchment area of m2 and more than 20 inflowing streams.
The river is part of a mostly inland waterway, Göta Canal, which spans the width of Sweden to the Baltic Sea south of Stockholm. At the city of Kungälv the river is divided into two parts around Hisingen island. The northern part is called Nordre älv with two third of the river flow, and the southern part runs through Gothenburg, i.
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The population in the catchment area downstream of Lake Vänern is around one million and the Göta Älv is the primary drinking water source for aboutpeople. Around ships and leisure boats pass the göta dating sites every year. Figure 1. The Göta Älv runs from Lake Vänern left figure.
It splits north of Gothenburg and ends in the Nordre älv and Göta Älv estuaries right figure. Lantmäteriet © History The Göta Älv has been considered to be a very important communication link for the transportation of people, goods and ideas between coast and inland since prehistoric times.
The role of the river grew in importance during the Iron Age and its control became of västerås badelunda dating strategic importance.
The oldest archaeological finds at the Göta Älv related to shipping is the Äskekärr ship, a cargo Viking göta dating sites dated to the s.
träffa singlar The river is often mentioned in the Icelandic fairy tales as a means of communication, as well as a starting point for Viking tours to the west and south. Before the Treaty of Roskilde ina stretch of the river constituted a national border between Norway and Sweden. The history of Gothenburg begins with the foundation of the heavily fortified town in The location of the new trading port, Sweden's only direct access to the North Sea and Atlantic, was highly strategic.
This made Gothenburg a European centre of trade in eastern products. Figure 2. The inner harbor of Gothenburg when the sailing replica Göthenborg returned from China.
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- Parks and nature[ edit ] The Gothenburg Botanical Garden Gothenburg has several parks and nature reserves ranging in size from tens of square metres to hundreds of hectares.
Hydrogeomorphology The bedrock of the Göta Älv valley is dominated by gneiss with elements of diabase and granite. The valley is a distinct fracture valley with both well-trained and irregular valley pages.
The valley ravine landscape has been formed through water erosion, race and landslides. The valley is bounded by barren mountains that travel about meters above the valley floor.
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The Göta Älv estuaries are characterized by low-lying areas with deep clay deposits, at some places over meters, which overlays friction soil and rock. Layers of silt and sand in the clay layers are common.
The clays göta dating sites mainly glacial and post glacial deposits. In the northern part of the valley the river has cut deep into the soil layers and formed steep and high beach slopes. In the southern part of the valley there are steep underwater slopes and flood areas.
Along the coastlines in the Göta Älv estuary there are also fillings and the western parts are dominated by rocks. The annual transport of sediment in the Göta Älv has been calculated totonnes annually.
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Ecology The Göta Älv and its catchment area show high species richness and great opportunities for nature experiences. The valley has a mosaic of habitats with irregular valley sides and steep beach slopes with forest above the river valley.
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Many rare species live in the area, and even seals can be seen in height with Lilla Edet ~50 km upstream På dejt mölltorp. Several areas b2 dejting the Göta Älv and in the catchment area are included in the EU Natura networkwith the aim of preventing the reduction of biodiversity.
The estuary of the Nordre River is for Sweden a unique area that is protected both by Natura network and the Wetland Convention. Importance of port industry The Göta Älv valley and the city of Gothenburg have a long history of anthropogenic activities such as settlements, shipping, harbours, industry, activities and infrastructure including large roads and railroads.
The river is used by many different actors with various interests.